Sun Temple -Modhera
The Sun Temple of Modhera is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Sun God. Located in the Mehsana district of Gujarat, it is one of the iconic temples in India which was built by the King Bhima-I of the Chalukya Dynasty.
This 1000 years old temple is an architectural marvel. It can be understood from the fact that well before modern world knew about the Tropic of Cancer, Sun Temple was already built in such a way that it was very close the Tropic of Cancer.
The temple is divided into three parts- Gudha Mandapa (The Shrine Hall), Sabha Mandap (The Assembly Hall) and Kunda (The Reservoir)
Every equinox, the first rays of the sun would fall on the diamond on the head of the Sun God.
The Sabha Mandap stands on 52 pillars signifying 52 weeks in an year
Modhera finds place in ancient texts of Skanda Purana and Brahma Purana
Sun Temple came in the UNESCO world heritage sites in 2014
When to Visit
Though a visit to the temple can be made anytime in the year, however, if you get a chance then do visit it after Makar Sankranti festival when Gujarat Tourism organizes a 3 day dance festival known as Uttarardha Mahotsav in January.
How to Visit
Modhera is about 100 km from Ahmedabad. You can take a train, cab or bus