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The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is an amazing piece or temple architecture and more popularly recognised with the Erotic sculptures. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The temples were built during the reign of Chandela dynasty somewhere between 885AD and 1000AD. Many foreign travellers - Xuanxang (Chinese Pilgrim), Ibn Batuta and Abu-Rihan-al-Baruni (who came along with Mahmud Gazni during the destruction of Somnath Temples) have made a detailed remark on the Khajuraho temples.
It is believed that the mother of the King who founded the Chandela Dynasty had a child out of wedlock. To avoid being outcasted by the society, she decided to live in the jungles of MP and raised her son. The son when later became the founder of Chandela Dynasty had these temples constructed with erotic sculptures.
Sculptures in the Temple
The chronology of these sculptures from bottom to top is -
1. Men working in their day to day life that signifies the importance of work in a human's life
2. Women in their compartments and doing makeup to look beautiful, as a general trend of the then society
3. Men and Women involved in sexual positions signifying sex as a part of human life
4. Spiritual Attainment of Human Beings
It is amazing to know that only 10% of the total sculptures are erotic but still the temples are known for them.
The temples amaze us to the fact that our civilisation was so advanced that it incorporated education of sex as a part of life when it was not spoken or heard about in other cultures or civilisations around the world. Not only sex but it propagates life stages and explains how a human is centered around these things with spirituality being the highest achievement.